www.4029.com:美丽乡村建设要在转变村民思想上下功夫

2018-04-12 11:35  来源:客家新闻网

澳门金沙娱乐网址:MoreChineseoverseasstudentsarereturning,butfirmssayfindingsuitablestaffischallengingSince1978,about80percentofChineseoverseasstudentshavereturnedtoChinaafterfinishingtheirstudies,officialdatasaid.AccordingtodatafromtheChineseServiceCenterforScholarlyExchange(CSCSE),apublicorganizationundertheMinistryofEducation(MOE),from1978(theyearreformandopening-upbegan)to2015,about4millionChinesepeoplestudiedabroad.Asofnow,around1.26millionofthemarestilldoingresearchorstudyingabroad,andofthe2.77millionthathavefinishedtheirstudiesaround2.2millionhavereturnedtoChina.ManyofthestudentswhoreturnedcitedeithertheirjobprospectsinChinaorfamilyconcernsasreasonsfortheirreturn.Liu,whohasamaster'sdegreefromtheUniversityofEdinburgh,toldtheGlobalTimesthat"MyfamilyandmygirlfriendareallinChina.Actually,IamfullycapableofstayingintheUKorgoingtotheU.S.tostartmycareerbutIfoundChinahasmorepotential,andanotherreasonisthatChinaissaferthantheWest.""MyparentswerereallyworriedwhenIwenttoParislastmonth,becausetheyknowthatduetothemigrantcrisis,Europeisnotverysafe,butinBeijing,theydon'tcheckwithmeeveryday.AftertheattackinLondonlastweek,theysaidImadetherightdecision(ingoingbacktoChina),"headded.ThemajorityofperpetratorsintherecentterrorattacksinFrance,Belgium,GermanyandtheUKwereeitherbornorraisedinEurope,notrecentmigrants.KhalidMasood,thecriminalbehindtheLondonattack,wasborninEngland.Fang,whohasadoctoraldegreefromNewYorkUniversitysaidapartfromopportunityandfamily,akeyreasonforhisreturnisthat"Chinahasgoodpoliciesforreturnedoverseasstudents,forinstance,peoplelikemeareabletobecomepermanentresidentsofcitieslikeBeijing,ShanghaiandGuangzhou,andthisisanattractiveprivilege."Permanentresidentscanbuyhouses,getlicenseplatesandaccesspubliceducationresources.CompetitiveenvironmentWhiletoday'sreturneesbringfreshideasandskillsintoChina,astheyhavedonefordecades,thejobmarketencounterismorecompetitivethanitwasfortheirpredecessors."Inthepast,returnedoverseastalentsrepresented'highly-educated'and'high-income,'buttoday,returnedoverseasstudentsarefindingitincreasinglydifficulttogetagoodjob,"accordingtotheBluePaperoftheEmploymentSituationofChineseReturnedOverseasTalents2016,publishedbytheCSCSEinJanuary.Thepaperaddedthatthemainobstaclesincludereturnees'limitedrangeinmajors,sincemanyholdsimilarqualifications,andtheirlackofknowledgeaboutthefast-changingdomesticsituation.OnSaturday,theCSCSEhelditsSpringJobFairforReturnedOverseasTalentsinBeijing.About2,400returneesand136companiesorinstitutesparticipated.ANestléChinaHRworkersurnamedZhaowhoattendedthefairsaid"Weareaforeigncompany,soEnglishisabasicskillwerequire,andreturnedoverseasstudentsareanidealcommunityforustorecruitfrom."AnHRmanagerfromtheChineseAcademyofSocialSciences(CASS)toldtheGlobalTimesthat"academicinstitutionslikeusprefertalentswithdoctorates,butinthisfair,wefoundtheymostlyhadmaster'sdegrees."TheCASSHRalsosaid"wecanofferverygoodconditionstotalentswithdoctorates,butsofar,wehaveonlyreceivedthreeCVsthatareworthfurtherconsideration.""IhopetheCSCSEcanorganizeafairthatonlyfocusesonPhDs,sothatinstitutionslikeuscanfindtherightpeoplemoreeasily,"headded.AnanonymousHRmanagerfromCanonChinasaid"Wewantpeoplewhounderstandthetechnologyofphotography,butunfortunately,sofarIdidn'tseetoomanygraduateswhohavestudiedtherelevantmajors."AccordingtotheCSCSEbluepaper,about80percentofreturneeshavemaster'sdegreesfromabroad.Theirmajorsaremostlythoserelatedtobusinessstudies,economics,finance,managementandsimilarsubjects.BetterserviceQiMo,theheadofthereturneebureau(responsibleforservingreturnedoverseaspersonnel)attheCSCSE,toldtheGlobalTimesthat"AmongChinesereturnedoverseaspersonnel,peoplewithdoctoraldegreesonlyaccountfor10percent,soifweorganizeafairthatonlyincludesdoctoraldegrees,thescaleandeffectwouldbeverylimited.""Inordertocreatebettercareerprospectsfortheirstudents,someU.S.universitiesarecommunicatingwithus.TheywantustoorganizeinternshipsfortheirChinesestudentsatsomefamousChineseenterprises,buttheproblemisthattheyareonlyinterestedinenterpriseslikeAlibabaandBaidu,andignoreotherChinesecompanieswhicharealsooutstanding.SoweneedtohelpthembetterunderstandChina,"oneCSCSEsourcenoted.  

美丽乡村建设要在转变村民思想上下功夫

沈海辉

  笔者曾有一位住在偏远乡村的精准扶贫帮扶对象,他坚持每天将生活垃圾携带到离家2公里的垃圾收集站弃置。在村里的垃圾收集站建成之前,他则将垃圾送至5公里外镇上的清运点,日复一日,坚持数年。问及坚持下去的原因,他的回答简单明了,就是不忍心看到生活几十年的环境遭到人为破坏,更不想自己也成为破坏者。在他的带动下,该村村民都逐渐养成了不随便弃置生活垃圾的良好习惯。

  笔者之所以被他深深触动并念念不忘,是因为他心怀一种质朴而简单的观念,自觉地成为了乡村振兴战略的传播者、美丽乡村建设的实践者。由此,笔者认为,保护乡村生态环境首先要在转变村民思想观念上下功夫,充分激发对家乡建设应有的朴素情怀,放大其积极作用,提高生态保护的自觉性和参与性。

  要激发对美丽的追求。恬静的村落、碧绿的山林、清澈的河流湖泊以及悠久的历史人文景观等,构成“村在景中,景在村中”的乡村之美。要让村民认识到,自己在原汁原味地观赏乡村的美丽,随时随地在享受家乡的宜人景色,建立浓厚的自豪感,使得村民对家乡呵护更细心,保护更自觉。

  要促进对宜居的向往。生态宜居,事关村民福祉,不仅要有美丽的生态、宜居的环境,还要有文明的乡风。规划建设新农村中,厕所革命、道路建设、房屋改造、“空心房”整治等等,都是改善村民居住环境的有效举措。要着力提升群众大局观念,充分尊重个人利益,确保集体利益,不断增强村民保护乡村环境亲历者和直接受益者的角色意识。试想,如果始终固守荒芜的庭院、破旧的房屋,放眼四处都是残檐断壁、荒芜一片,那幸福感和获得感也就无从谈起。

  要唤起对邻里的关怀。积极纠正“事不关己高高挂起”“各人自扫门前雪”的“小农思维”,摒弃宗族观念里狭隘自私的成分,相互关怀,相互体谅,唤起“同在一个村、共饮一溪水”的命运共同体意识,慎独慎微,自觉维护邻里的生活环境。

  要保持对乡愁的留恋。江西是劳务输出大省,乡村村民是“背井离乡”的主力军,过节回乡、过年团聚成为外出人员固有的生活场景,对家乡的变化尤其敏感。所以,要培养村民的责任意识,让他们认识到优美的乡村环境对亲情的维系纽带作用,自觉为外出的亲友守住山山水水,待他们回乡团聚之时,望得见青山,看得见绿水,记得住乡愁,保持对家乡的眷恋,对故土的深情,少些“融不进城市、回不去乡村”的感叹。

  要常怀对消逝的隐忧。赣鄱大地物产丰饶,古树名木、珍稀物种、传统建筑、历史遗迹遍布乡村,但这些都是不可再生和复制的宝贵资源。要让村民充分认识到这些都是乡村的形象名片,是发展生态旅游的根本依托,蕴藏着丰富的人文价值和经济价值,对于促进就业、创收致富集聚着巨大潜能。要让他们树立危机意识,常怀对这些资源消逝的隐忧,激发自身强大的保护意愿和力量。

编辑:刘秋妤
客家新闻网版权所有 互联网新闻信息服务许可证号:3612013001 ICP备案/许可证号:赣ICP备05000929号-1
关于本网 联系电话:0797-8101732 新闻宣传质量监督电话/违法和不良信息举报电话:0797-8101732
客家新闻网版权所有
互联网新闻信息服务许可证号:3612013001